Toko Online terpercaya

Toko Online terpercaya
Toko Online terpercaya

Wednesday, 25 November 2009

History off Hinduism

1. The early development of Hinduism

Hinduism from India. To know the history of its development must also learn the history of India covering aspects of population growth and cultural aspects of the era to era. Based on age research Vedic scriptures, the experts come to a conclusion that the Hindu religion has grown and developed in about 6000 years before the year of our Lord. As the oldest religions, Hinduism and then developed into various regions of the world, including Southeast Asia and Indonesia.

2. Population of India

The natives who inhabit India now living in the Deccan Plateau region. His life was very simple.
Dravidian peoples from Central Asia region (Baltic) went to India and occupied the region along the fertile river Sindhu. Their culture is higher than natives. The Aryans also came from the area around Central Asia, spreading into the regions of Iran (Persia), Mesopotamia, and also into the European region. That until the entry into India is a part of that ever went to Iran. They went to India in two phases at two different places. First they went in the Punjab region of five areas tributary streams are greeted by battle by Dravidian peoples who were already living there. Since the Aryans more advanced and more powerful, can defeat Dravidian Nation. The second phase of Aryans into India through the two river valleys of the Ganges and the Yamuna river valley, this area known as Doab region. Their arrival was not greeted by war, and even then there mixing through marriage. Nations that is the ancestor of the Indian nation today.

3. Vedic Age

It is known that people who come later in India were the Aryans who inhabited the two places in Punjab and the Doab. In both regions grow and develop their civilization. It is said that people who received revelation Aryalah Vedas. Vedic revelations do not come down at once, but within a rather long time, and also not revealed in one place. Recipient of revelation is called Maha Rishi, received through hearing, and therefore the Vedic revelation called Sruti (sru = hearing). Decline period Vedic revelations that called Vedic era and Vedic teachings is what then spread to various parts of the world.

4. The spread of Hinduism

In an excavation in Egypt in a known inscription dated 1200 BC. It is a treaty between Ramesses II and the Hittites. In this agreement "Maitra Waruna" is the title of the manifestation of Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, according to the Hindu religion mentioned in the Vedas is considered as a witness.
Contained the Sahara Desert in North Africa according to the study of Geology is a former lake which had dried. Sagara in Sanskrit means the sea; and the name Sahara is the development of Sagara said. Given also that the people who live around them in the past is closely linked with the King of Kosala a Hindu from India.
Native of Mexico to recognize and celebrate the holidays Rama Sinta, which coincided with celebrations in India Nawa Ratri. From the results of excavations in the area obtained Ganesha statues are closely associated with Hinduism. In addition, the ancient people of these countries are the people Astika (Aztec), namely those who believe in the teachings of the Vedas. Astika said this is a term very close relationship with the "Aztecs" is a native of the area, as is known his name today.
Native of Peru has an annual holiday that is celebrated at the sun is at the farthest distance from the equator and the natives are called Inca. The word "Inca" is derived from the word "Ina" in Sanskrit which means "sun" and indeed people the Inca Surya is worshiper.

Description of Aswameda Yadnya (horse sacrifice) in which one of the Puranic Hindu Smriti states that the King Sagara burned to ashes by sage Kapila. King's sons are trying to Patala loka (the land beneath the earth = America behind India) in victims of the horse business. Because the Supreme sage Kapila's hermitage in the woods (Aranya) annoyed, then angry and burnt all the sons of King Sagara so to ashes. Patala loka understanding is Indian country under the United States. While Kapila Aranya name associated with the name of California and there are parks mountain ash (Ash Mountain Park).

In the neighborhood tribes indigenous Australians have a particular type of dance is described as the dance of Shiva (Shiva's Dance). The dance performed by dancer-dancers to wear a sign "Tri Kuta" or a sign of a third eye on his forehead. The signs are suggestive of this clearly shows that the country had been familiar with the culture brought by the Hindu religion.

5. Hinduism in Indonesia

Hinduism arrived in Indonesia is estimated at the beginning of the Tarikh AD, brought by the traveler from India, among others: Maha Rishi Agastya in Java known as Guru or Dwipayana and also the traveler from the traveler China Buddha Pahyien. Both these great leaders traveling around the archipelago spread the Dharma. The evidence of this remains very much remains a Hindu kingdom as the kingdom with its king Purnawarman Tarumanegara in West Java.

Kutai kingdom with its king Mulawarman in East Kalimantan, the Hindu Mataram kingdom in Central Java with the king, Sanjaya, the king of the Kingdom Singosari Kertanagara and Majapahit in East Java, as well as the royal Renggong Watu on Bali, Kingdom of Udayana, and more scattered in the Hindu heritage the entire Indonesian archipelago. Hindu kings with the pious clerical enormous influence in the development of religion, art and culture, and literature at that time. For example, the temples are scattered among Java Prambanan Temple, Borobudur, upgrading, and others, pretending to be in Bali and Lombok, Yupa-yupa in Kalimantan, as well as statues and inscriptions found almost everywhere in the Archipelago is the real evidence so far. Literature the Ramayana, Mahabharata, Arjuna Wiwaha, Sutasoma (Tantular professor essays in which the verse "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika mangrwa tan hana dharma") is an inheritance that is very noble for the next race. Religion is a crucial feature of community life at that time and the prevailing system of government; this can be seen in a bit of development of the Majapahit kingdom.
Raden Wijaya as the founder of the Majapahit kingdom in applying the dominant religious system that characterizes the life of the community. When dead, the heirs or dicandikan Pedharman made in teak temple in Blitar Source Southern as Lord Shiva and the second on didharmakan or dicandikan temple in Mojokerto Antapura as Amoga Sidhi (Buddha). King Jayanegara as the second king of Majapahit after death in didharmakan or Sila Petak dicandikan as Lord Vishnu, while in Sukalila as a Buddhist temple.

Maha Gajah Mada is a Regent of Majapahit as government Tungga Dewi Tri Buana and Hayam Wuruk. He was a meek very diligent and wise in upholding dharma, so it is very influential in the government of the King. Since then the king ordered his son Gayatri Hayam Wuruk so really Sradha ceremony. The ceremony Sradha at the time of the most famous is the mendharmakan or mencandikan the ancestors or the kings who had died (amoring Acintya). This ceremony is conducted with Sradha Dharma that day has also been calculated from the dead three days, seven days, and so on until a thousand days and three thousand days. This was until now in Java is still running the Sradha termed, which eventually Sradangan called Nyadran.

Noting the development of Hindu religion that permeates the culture and literary arts in Indonesia, where the kings treated the same as the leaders of the two existing religions of Shiva and Buddha, is a clear manifestation of religious toleration or harmony among religions professed by his subjects and went very well. This is clearly a noble values are passed to the existing religious communities in the present. Noble values are not the only color in the past, but at present still remains a positive value for the heirs-heirs, especially people who believe in religion as stipulated in the Hindu religion with Panca Sradhanya.

Although Hinduism has entered Indonesia in early AD and developed Tarikh from island to island but the island had received attention from the 8th century by the Hindu priests among them is Professor of boarding Markandeya Raung in areas of East Java Basuki. Was he who led the first expedition to the island of Bali as a propagator of Hindu religion with followers of ± 400 people. The first expedition was a failure.
After the second expedition preparation carried out by followers of ± 2,000 people and ultimately successful expedition with honors. The first forest is Taro's opened in Somerset West area of Gianyar and he founded a temple shrine in the village of Taro. This temple named Pura Murwa which means the beginning. From this area he was developing the area into the base of Mount Agung at Besakih area now, and found a spring Sindhya named. That was the beginning of the worship Besakih originally called Pura Basuki.

From here he walked further into the eastern region until at Mount Sraya Karangasem region, then she established a shrine in the name of Mount Lempuyang Silawanayangsari Temple, he finally settled in the territory held pasraman Lempuyang and by his followers, he was given the title Lord Geni Jaya Sakti. This is a milestone development in the Hindu island of Bali.

Based on the inscription on the Mount Kintamani year 802 Saka (880 AD) and the inscription in the village of Sanur Blanjong charter year 836 Saka (914 AD) Bali region ruled by kings Warmadewa as the first king named Kesariwarmadewa. Location of the kingdom in the region and its capital named Pejeng Singamandawa. Subsequent kings of lesser-known, just after the sixth king named Dharma Udayana with Mahendradata Empress of the East Java and was accompanied by the Reverend Professor Kuturan Kingdom who also serves as the kingdom Mahapatih is well known, both in political relations, government, religion, culture, literature, and irrigation all built. From now on Jade Pagoda is built Three (Village, Dalem, Puseh), namely the heaven Sad Lempuyang Temple, Besakih, Pangelengan Hill, Uluwatu, Batukaru, Lawah Cave, the famous irrigation system by Subak, social systems, Studios / Mrajan, Kamulan / Kawitan very well developed.

Majapahit empire collapsed when the situation in Bali is very quiet because there was no religious upheaval. At that moment came a professor of Java named Professor Dwijendra with followers who develop and bring reform in the Balinese Hindu religion. Today, especially since the New Order era, the development of Hinduism more advanced and started to get attention and a more regular coaching.


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